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Mind Training Like Rays of the Sun
by Venerable Thubten Chodron©
Sravasti Abbey, Washington, USA
September 2008
ongoing


Venerable Chodron is currently giving teachings on "Mind Training Like Rays of the Sun" composed by Namkha Pel, a close disciple of Lama Tsongkhapa. This text is a commentary on the “Seven Point Mind Training” and is unique in that it combines the stages of the path with the mind-training tradition.

This teaching is broadcast live on the Internet every Thursday night at 6 PM Pacific Standard Time. Click here for more info.
The teachings will continue through 2009 and will be posted below as they become available.

Reviews: While Venerable Chodron travels, others in the monastic community lead the weekly teachings, reviewing the commentary on the text that had been covered by Ven. Chodron. They review the salient points and also bring their own experience and insights to the material. These talks, which begin March 2009, are marked as "Reviews."

4 September 2008

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Venerable Chodron begins the teachings on the text. She gives an introduction and talks about the lineage source of the text. She also talks about the goals of the mind training practices. She begins an oral transmission of the text.

11 September 2008

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Venerable Chodron continues the oral transmission of the text. She finishes the section on the history of the mind training practices. The history includes inspiring accounts of the lengths to which the masters went to get the teachings. She explains how Bodhicitta is the nectar that leads to the non-abiding nirvana of enlightenment. She also explains the three early Kadam traditions and how they relate to our practice.

18 September 2008

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Venerable Chodron explains how self-centeredness is at the root of all problems and conflicts. Self-centeredness is our actual enemy not external enemies. She goes on to discuss the section of the text entitled "The Unique Features, Value and Extraordinary Functions of this Secret Instruction." She talks about the benefits of the mind training practices and how they can help to transform unfavorable circumstances into favorable conditions for spiritual progress.

25 September 2008

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Venerable Chodron begins the chapter on the preliminary teachings. She explains the line of the text that says, "First, train in the preliminaries." Ven. Chodron goes on to explain the six preparatory practices for the actual practice session.

3 October 2008

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Kevin Conlin shares what he learned about the teachers of the mind training practices and the evolution of the mind training teachings. He discusses the eight verses of thought transformation and leads a tonglen meditation based on verse seven.

9 October 2008

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Venerable Chodron continues talking about the four preliminary practices. In this talk she talks about the actual meditation session and begins the commentary on the precious human life. She explains the eight freedoms and the benefits of meditating on them.

16 October 2008

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Ven. Chodron continues the section on training in the preliminaries. In this talk she discusses how meditation on a precious human life counteracts depression and self-pity. She explains the ten beneficial circumstances of a precious human life. She also explains how meditating on the freedoms and opportunities of a precious human life helps us to see its importance, not waste it and use it to create virtue. She also talks about what practicing the Dharma means.

23 October 2008

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Ven. Chodron talks about the rarity of a precious human life. She talks about the rarity from the view point of the difficulty of creating the cause and the view point of the difficulty of obtaining the result. She begins the commentary on death and impermanence explaining the benefit of meditating on death and the disadvantage of not meditating on death.

13 November 2008

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Ven. Chodron continues the commentary on contemplating death and impermanence. She explains the points to contemplate in the nine point death meditation. In this talk she covers the three points under the inevitably of death and the three points under the uncertainty of the time of death.

20 November 2008

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Venerable Chodron continues the section on contemplating death. In this talk she explains how nothing helps at the time of death except the Dharma. She explains how our body, possessions and friends do not help us when we die but that the karma we create in relationship to them does follow us at death. Ven. Chodron also explains how contemplating death can help us from spending all our time on the eight worldly concerns. She talks about having a healthy relationship with our possessions, friends and our body.

27 November 2008

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Venerable Chodron begins the section on the third preliminary practice, karma. She talks about the importance of contemplating actions and their consequences.

18 December 2008

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Venerable Chodron talks about the importance and benefits of the preliminary practices. She discusses the commentary on the third preliminary practice, karma, explaining the four characteristics of karma.

25 December 2008

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In this talk Venerable Chodron explains the ten non-virtuous paths of actions. She also talks about the four factors that make a complete karma. Ven. Chodron also explains the vitruous paths of action and how one can make neutral actions virtuous through mind-training.

1 January 2009

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Venerable Chodron continues the section on karma. She talks about the five factors that determine the weight of a karma. She goes on to discuss the results of karma. She explains the result to be expected from the various nonvirtues and how contemplating these results can help us restrain from nonvirtues.

8 January 2009

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Ven. Chodron explains the results of karma. She talks about how a complete karma can have four types of results. The ripening result, the causally concordant result, the experiential concordant result and the environmental result. Ven. Chodron then goes through ten non-virtues and talks about the results specific to each.

15 January 2009

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Venerable Chodron continues talking about karma. In this talk she explains that we need to see what samsara is and what the first noble truth is in order to develop a genuine determination to be free. She also talks about the relationship between the determination to be free and developing Bodhicitta. Ven. Chodron explains what factors determine which karma will ripen sooner. She also talks about how karma can be diminished, reduced and destroyed.

22 January 2009

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Venerable Chodron begins discussion of the fourth of the four preliminary practices - the disadvantages of cyclic existence. She talks about the disadvantage of uncertainty and the disadvantage of dissatisfaction. Ven. Chodron also answers questions on the karma from eating meat, dealing with jealousy, dharma joy and the meaning of dukkha.

29 January 2009

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In this talk Venerable Chodron completes the section on the six disadvantages of cyclic existence. She also talks about the importance of contemplating the disadvantages of cyclic existence for developing the determination to be free and generating bodhicitta.

5 February 2009

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Ven. Chodron begins the section on cultivating the conventional awakening mind. She begins the talk by answering questions. She answers questions on idle talk, wrong views, how gods and hell beings are born, the difference between self-grasping and self-centeredness, and the ignorance that causes self-pity or poor view.

12 February 2009

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Venerable Chodron continues the commentary on the advantages of the awakening mind, bodhicitta. She also talks about the path of the arhat and the path of the bodhisattva. Ven. Chodron also answers student questions. She explains what is meant by consciousness. She also explains virtuous contentment and afflicted contentment and virtuous dissatisfaction and afflicted dissatisfaction.

19 February 2009

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Venerable Chodron begins the explanation of the techniques for cultivating the awakening mind, bodhicitta. The first technique is the seven point cause and effect method. Ven. Chodron first explains the preliminary practice of developing equanimity. She then talks about the first two points - all beings have been our parents and seeing their kindness when they have been our parents.

26 February 2009

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Venerable Chodron completes the explanation of the seven point cause and effect method of developing bodhicitta. She also talks about how the eight worldly concerns get in the way of Dharma practice and cause misery in this life. She goes on to answer questions from students.

5 March 2009

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Ven. Chodron begins the explanation on the second method for developing bodhicitta, equalizing and exchanging self and others. In this talk she explains the meditation of equalizing self and others - looking from the conventional level and from the ultimate level. Ven. Chodron covers the first six points of this nine point meditation, looking at things from the conventional viewpoint.

12 March 2009

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Venerable Chodron completes the explanation of equalizing self and others. She explains the last three points of the meditation, looking at things from the ultimate viewpoint. She then begins the section on the disadvantages of self-centeredness. The instruction from the root text is "Banish the one to blame for everything."

19 March 2009

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Review: Venerable Tarpa reviews the introduction to the text and the mind training practice. She explains the purpose of the mind training practices She also talks about the source, history and lineage of the teachings on mind training.

26 March 2009

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Venerable Chodron continues the commentary on the disadvantages of self-centered thought. She explains how the self-centered thought is viewed as a friend but the only thing that comes of this friendship is misery and pain. She discusses how the self-centered thought leads to negative karma and interferes with our spiritual attainments. It robs our happiness and prevents us from benefiting others.

2 April 2009

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Review: Venerable Semkye reviews the section on the six preparatory practices and begins the section on training on the four preliminary practices. She talks about the first preliminary, contemplating the benefits, meaning and rarity of a precious human life.

9 April 2009

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Review: Anagarika Fredrick Browne continues the review of the first preliminary, precious human life. He also talks about how the eight worldly concerns prevent us from practicing the Dharma and taking the essence of our precious human life. He goes on to talk about the second preliminary practice, contemplating death and impermanence.

16 April 2009

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Review:Venerable Jigme talks about the importance of contemplating karma and reviews the four characteristics of karma. She also talks about the factors that make a complete karma.

23 April 2009

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Review:Venerable Chonyi continues the review of karma and also reviews the disadvantages of cyclic existence. She talks about what factors make a karmic action heavy. She also reviews the results of karma, talking about the ways the ten non-virtuous paths of action can ripen in our future rebirths. She goes on to explain the six disadvantages of cyclic existence.

30 April 2009

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Review:Venerable Semkye reviews the section on the advantages of Bodhicitta. She also reviews the two methods for developing Bodhicitta — the seven-point cause-and-effect method and equalizing and exchanging self and others.

7 May 2009

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Ven. Chodron resumes teaching the text with the section on the faults of the self-centered attitude. She explains how all suffering comes from the self-centered attitude. Ven. Chodron also discusses the importance of deeply investigating how our self-centered attitude works, how it affects our experience and actions. She talks about how the self-centered attitude is not who we are, and not to confuse it with the conventional person.

14 May 2009

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Ven. Chodron completes the section on the self-centered thought and begins the commentary on cherishing others. She explains the importance of meditating on the kindness of others. Ven. Chodron also talks about how enlightenment is dependent on sentient beings.

21 May 2009

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Venerable Chodron discusses the advantages of cherishing others and what it means to cherish others. She also talks about viewing those who harm us from a different perspective.

4 June 2009

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Review:Venerable Tarpa reviews the section on developing equanimity when cultivating bodichitta through the practice of equalizing and exchanging self and others.

11 June 2009

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Venerable Chodron talks about recognizing the kindness of others and seeing them as something to be cherished. Using the text and personal experiences, she explains how even those we have difficulty with are kind to us and help us make progress on the path. Ven. Chodron shows how we can see others as kind but also under the influence of afflictions.

18 June 2009

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Ven. Chodron begins the section on cultivating the awakening mind concerned with the interests of others. She begins by talking about the meditation on love. She explains how love is different from attachment. She also talks about the benefits of cultivating love. Ven. Chodron goes on to explain how to meditate on giving your body, possessions and virtue to benefit beings.

25 June 2009

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Venerable Chodron continues to explain the meditation on giving our body, imagining that it transforms into the basis for sustaining all beings and the basis for them to attain enlightenment. She goes on to explain meditating on giving to those who have not attained a spiritual path, those who have not yet entered the path of accumulation.

2 July 2009

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Ven. Chodron continues the commentary on the section of the text on giving. She explains meditating on transforming and giving our body to those in the various realms. She goes on to explain meditating on giving to those who harm us and how to overcome resistance to this. Ven. Chodron also talks about giving to those who have entered the path of the arhat or Bodhisattva.

9 July 2009

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Review:Venerable Chonyi reviews the section of the text on the disadvantages of the self-centered thought, how the self-centered attitude leads to the suffering of our self and others.

16 July 2009

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Review:Venerable Jampel presents a review. He completes the review of the disadvantages of the self-centered thought and then talks about the benefits of cherishing others.

6 August 2009

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Venerable Chodron continues the commentary on giving. In this talk she explains how to meditate on giving our body to those who have entered the spiritual path, meditating on transforming our body into what helps them progress on the path. She goes on to explain how to meditate on giving our body to the environment that beings inhabit, transforming their environments so they can progress on the path to enlightenment. Ven. Chodron then explains how to meditate on giving possessions, transforming them into what beings need. She discusses how we may meditate on giving but find it hard to actually give to others.

13 August 2009

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Venerable Chodron explains how to meditate on giving our virtue to others. She talks about how training the mind to become familiar with giving increases our generosity. Ven. Chodron also explains the importance of motivation in dedicating merit.

20 August 2009

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Venerable Chodron begins the section on compassion by explaining how to meditate on taking the suffering of sentient beings. She explains how this can be difficult because we don't want to take on any amount of suffering. Ven. Chodron goes on to talk about starting with taking on the suffering that you will experience in the future and how this can familiarize the mind with taking on suffering.

27 August 2009

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Venerable Chodron continues to explain the meditation on taking on the suffering of others. She explains how we can use it to erode our self-centeredness and make our mind stronger to experience our own suffering. Ven. Chodron goes on to explain the importance of remembering taking and giving in daily life and not just practice it in meditation.

3 September 2009

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Following the text, Ven. Chodron continues the explanation on taking and giving. In this talk she discusses resistance to practicing taking on the suffering of others. She explains how we are the beneficiary of helping others and putting others' welfare before our own. Ven. Chodron talks about how this practice can transform our mind, making us happier.

10 September 2009

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Review: Venerable Semkye reviews the recent talks on taking and giving. She also talks about turning adversity into the path. Using verses from "The 37 Practices of Bodhisattvas," Ven. Semkye explains how we can use everyday undesirable situations to transform the mind.

17 September 2009

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Venerable Chodron covers the section on how to practice taking and giving in the periods between meditation sessions. She discusses practical ways to use love and compassion for others when afflictions arise in daily life.

24 September 2009

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Venerable Chodron begins the section of the text explaining the five precepts of mind training, five practical ways to practice mind training. In this talk she discusses the first two points. She explains how one can transform adverse circumstances into the path, looking at such problems as opportunities to practice and decrease self-centeredness.

01 October 2009

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Venerable Chodron continues to explain how to use adversity in transforming the mind. Here she explains practices that can be used to transform adverse circumstances into the path including accumulation of merit, purification of negativity and making offerings.

15 October 2009

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Venerable Chodron starts the section on The Integrated Practice of a Single Lifetime which explains how to apply the five powers in daily life and how to apply them at the time of death. In this talk she explains how to practice the power of intention, the power of the white seed and the power of destruction in daily life. Ven. Chodron also explains how cultivating the mental factors of self-respect and consideration for others helps to abandon the afflictions.

22 October 2009

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Venerable Chodron completes the commentary on practicing the five powers in daily life. She explains how prayer is used in Buddhist practice and its importance in setting the direction we want our mind to go. Ven. Chodron also explains the power of familiarity and how it can help sustain Dharma practice when there are changes in our life. She goes on to begin the section on practicing the five powers at the time of death.

29 October 2009

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Venerable Chodron continues the commentary on practicing the five powers at the time of death. She explains the importance of having a positive state of mind at the time of death to attain a rebirth favorable to practicing the Dharma. Ven. Chodron also talks about the importance of practicing in daily life to develop familiarity with the practices and mind states that we want at the time of death.

5 November 2009

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Venerable Chodron completes the commentary on practicing the five powers at the time of death explaining the power of prayer and the power of familiarity. She explains the aspirations and meditations that are beneficial at the time of death and the importance of developing them while we are alive.
Ven. Chodron begins the section on The Measure of Having Trained the Mind. She explains ways to determine if we are making some progress with our practice, the signs of effective mind training.

12 November 2009

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Ven. Chodron continues the discussion of determining if we have made some progress by using the practices. She talks about honestly looking at our mind to see how it reacts to hardships. She also talks about the difference between having an intellectual understanding of the teachings and a conviction in the teachings. Ven. Chodron goes on to explain the five signs of a trained mind.

19 November 2009

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Venerable Chodron gives the commentary on The Irreversible Commitments of Mind Training section. She explains what it means to be impartial about the objects of mind training. Ven. Chodron also explains what it means to stand up to the afflictions, not to give into them, or be patient with them.

26 November 2009

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Review: Venerable Tarpa reviews the section of the text on training in the five powers during daily life. She talks about how we can use these practices to decrease afflictions, self-grasping and progress on the path.

3 December 2009

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Review: Venerable Jigme reviews the section on practicing the five powers at the time of death. She talks about the benefits of practicing these at the time of death. She also talks about practicing them while we are alive to help us practice them easily when we die.

10 December 2009

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Venerable Chodron continues the commentary on the Irreversible Commitments of Mind Training. She finishes the section on what appears in the text as verse and begins the section on what appears in the text as maxims. Ven. Chodron talks about practicing mind training in five situations where it is difficult but important. She also talks about how to maintain a steady practice and avoid making Dharma practice dependent on favorable external or internal conditions. Ven. Chodron explains the meaning of the mind training maxims with examples from contemporary western life.

17 December 2009

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Venerable Chodron continues the commentary on the maxims of mind training. She explains how they can be used to transform mental states that contradict the mind training principles and developing Bodhicitta. Ven. Chodron also talks about some additional mind training maxims from other mind training texts. She explains that we should work on the heaviest affliction first.

24 December 2009

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Venerable Chodron begins the commentary on the section The Precepts of Mind Training. She explains how we tend to view others as objects or commodities for our own happiness rather than as individuals who also seek happiness. Ven. Chodron also talks about the importance of setting motivation in the morning and reviewing our activities at the end of the day.

31 December 2009

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Venerable Chodron continues the commentary on the section Precepts of Mind Training. In this talk given on New Year's Eve, she also reflects on how "new year's day" is a merely imputed label with imputed meaning. Ven. Chodron talks about recognizing the afflictions as they rise and remembering to apply the antidotes.

07 January 2010

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Continuing the commentary on the Precepts of Mind Training section, Venerable Chodron explains that we should cultivate compassion without bias toward any beings, yet recognize societal roles. She also talks about creating the three conditions beneficial to practice. In response to questions, Ven. Chodron talks about having compassion at an intellectual level and an emotional level. She also talks about getting to know our mind to know how much we are capable of and how much we can push ourselves.

14 January 2010

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Ven. Chodron continues the commentary on the precepts of mind training. She talks about how we should not cease doing virtuous activities of body, speech and mind. Ven. Chodron explains why we should anchor our mind on virtuous thoughts rather than let it "surf the universe."

21 January 2010

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Continuing the commentary on the precepts of mind training, Ven. Chodron explains the six types of inverted deeds to avoid in practice. She also explains the benefits of practicing continuously rather than sporadically. In our practice she says, "Don't be the bunny rabbit be the tortoise".

28 January 2010

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Review:In this review of the precepts of mind training, Venerable Jampel explains how we can practice mind training throughout the day. He goes through a typical day and explains how we can apply the mind training slogans during our daily activities and interactions.

4 February 2010

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In this talk Venerable Chodron completes the commentary on the precepts of mind training and conventional bodhicitta. She explains the benefit of restricting the environment and keeping some distance from the objects that give rise to the afflictions. Ven. Chodron also explains the disadvantages of moving from practice to practice with a fickle mind looking for something new and better.

11 February 2010

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Ven. Chodron begins the section of the text on ultimate Bodhicitta, emptiness. In this talk she explains the type of person who is suitable to receive teachings on emptiness. Ven. Chodron explains how someone may misinterpret the teachings and cause them to turn away from the Dharma or lead them to reject cause and effect, that positive and negative actions have consequences.

18 February 2010

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Ven. Chodron explains the section on the time for imparting (and receiving) the teachings on emptiness. She explains the meaning of regarding all phenomena like dreams or illusions when not meditating on emptiness. Ven. Chodron also talks about how one moves from a conceptual understanding of emptiness to an inferential realization and eventually to a direct realization of emptiness.

25 February 2010

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Venerable Chodron begins the section on The Actual Instructions on Cultivating the Ultimate Awakening Mind. She explains the difference between definitive and interpretable teachings. Ven. Chodron talks about the permanent, partless, independent self, a gross level of misconception of the self that all Buddhist schools reject. She also describes the method for negating this gross misconception.

4 March 2010

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Venerable Chodron begins the section on Recognizing What Ignorance Is. She explains how ignorance is not just a not knowing but an active misconception. She also explains why it is important to identify the object of negation correctly. Ven. Chodron goes on to talk about the problems of leaning toward the extremes of nihilism or absolutism, negating too much or not enough. She explains what is meant by the "Middle Way". Ven. Chodron also discusses the difference between the philosophical schools in regard to how they view selflessness.

11 March 2010

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Ven. Chodron explains how both faith and wisdom are needed to make progress on the path and how they work together. She also talks about looking at the "basis of designation" of an activity or emotion and how this can bring the practice of wisdom into daily life. Ven Chodron goes on to answer questions on the lower tenet schools and why only wisdom eliminates ignorance.

Clicke here for an outline of the view of selflessness in the four Buddhist tenet schools (pdf format). It is used by Venerable Chodron in the talks starting with the March 18, 2010 talk and is useful in following the talks on selflessness.

18 March 2010

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Venerable Chodron begins the commentary on how selflessness is viewed in the four philosophical tenet schools. She explains how each tenet school has a different view of the false perception of a self that is to be refuted. Ven. Chodron also explains that each tenet system has a coarse and subtle view of the self.

25 March 2010

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Venerable Chodron continues the explanation of selflessness according to the four philosophical tenet schools. She explains that there is an acquired and innate form of self-grasping. Ven. Chodron continues the explanation of how the four tenet schools differ in their view of a coarse and subtle view of self that is to be refuted.

1 April 2010

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Venerable Chodron continues the teachings on selflessness. She answers questions on the different philosophical tenet systems including: Do all the systems aim for the goal of Buddhahood? How do the paths of the tenet systems differ? What makes me, me? Ven. Chodron also discusses how what the different tenet systems assert is the person and is not the person determines what the tenet school posits to carry karma from life to life.

8 April 2010

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Ven. Chodron explains the how the mind grasps at a truly existing "I". She discusses how ultimate analysis or probing awareness is used to look at how the object of analysis exists. Ven. Chodron explains what it means when an object cannot bear analysis. She also explains how not finding something through ultimate analysis does not mean that the object does not exist conventionally.

15 April 2010

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Ven. Chodron explains how phenomena are designated by thought. She explains this for the person and phenomena. Ven. Chodron also uses the example of anger to show that emotions are also merely labeled phenomena.

22 April 2010

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Review: Venerable Tarpa reviews the end of the section on cultivating conventional Bodhicitta. She explains the meaning of the maxims in the text. Ven. Tarpa also explains the six conditions for afflictions to arise.

29 April 2010

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Review: Venerable Chonyi reviews the beginning of the section on cultivating ultimate Bodhicitta. She talks about the person who is a suitable vessel for receiving the teachings and the appropriate time for receiving the teachings on emptiness. She explains that by studying the preliminaries and accumulating merit we can create the causes for understanding the teachings on emptiness.

6 May 2010

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Ven. Chodron continues the commentary on how things and self are merely imputed by thought. She goes on to discuss how ignorance is the root of cyclic existence. In response to a question, Ven. Chodron talks about ways to work with a practice to make it more vibrant when it becomes dry or uninteresting.

13 May 2010

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Ven. Chodron explains three mistaken approaches to determining selflessness. She talks about the order for establishing selflessness and why it is easier to meditate on the selflessness of persons rather than of phenomena. Ven. Chodron then begins the section on how to determine the selflessness of persons.

20 May 2010

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Review: Ven. Semkye reviews the commentary on identifying the object of negation. She explains the reasoning used to refute a permanent, partless, independent self. Ven. Semkye goes on to explain how to identify the inherently existent self according to the Prasangika view. She describes situations when self-grasping occurs and the sense of a real self arises.

27 May 2010

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Venerable Chodron continues the commentary on determining the selflessness of persons. In this talk she explains how to investigate if the self is inherently one with the aggregates. Ven. Chodron discusses the contradictory consequences of the self being inherently the same as the aggregates.

3 June 2010

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Continuing the commentary on determining the selflessness of persons, Ven. Chodron explains how to investigate if the self is inherently different from the aggregates. Ven. Chodron goes through steps in doing the analysis as taught by Nagarjuna. She goes on to talk about ways to think about things between meditation sessions to aid in loosening up the perception of persons and things as being inherently existent.

10 June 2010

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Ven. Chodron took a break in commenting on the text and the section on emptiness to talk about applying the teachings to our life in a practical way. She explains the Buddhist view that the source of our happiness and suffering are from inside, not from external sources. She explains how we usually try to rearrange everything external to ourselves to have the things we think will make us happy and eliminate those that cause us problems. She goes on to talk about how to work with the mind to change the way we perceive situations and prevent emotions from going up and down.

17 June 2010

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Venerable Chodron explains the lack of an inherently existing "mine". She goes on to talk about the selflessness of phenomena. Ven. Chodron also answers a question on memory and Buddhism. She explains how memories can contribute to the exaggerated sense of self. Ven. Chodron also explains how memory can be used in a positive and skillful way.

24 June 2010

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Venerable Chodron explains how insight is the union of serenity and the correct view of selflessness. She explains what serenity is and how it is developed. She discusses how only insight can eliminate the root of afflictions. Ven. Chodron also answers questions on the meaning of vipassana and the practice of mindfulness.

1 July 2010

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Venerable Chodron completes her commentary on the text with an explanation of the last section, how things and persons appear like illusions. She explains the correct meaning of "illusion like appearance" and ways that it can be misunderstood. In response to a question, Ven. Chodron talks about developing concentration in the midst of a busy life.

8 July 2010

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Review: Venerable Tarpa reviews section of the text on the four preliminary practices.

15 July 2010

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Review: Venerable Semkye reviews the section of the text on developing Bodhicitta, the conventional awakening mind. She talks about the two methods of developing Bodhicitta, the seven point cause and effect method and exchanging self and others. Ven. Semkye goes into detail explaining the steps of exchanging self and others.

22 July 2010

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Review: Venerable Chonyi reviews the section of the text on cultivating the conventional awakening mind. She talks about transforming adverse circumstances into the path, training in the five forces, and the measure of having trained the mind.

29 July 2010

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Review: Venerable Jigme reviews the section on cultivating the ultimate awakening mind. She explains what ignorance is, avoiding the two extremes, and definitive and interpretable teachings. Ven. Jigme also talks about the Buddhist tenet systems and explains how understanding the lower schools view of selflessness can help to narrow in on the most subtle understanding.

 

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